Science Europe publishes declaration of principles on Open Access
Science Europe, an umbrella organisation of the most important research and funding organisations in Europe, has published a declaration of principles entitled Principles for the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications.
For the first time, it lays down the joint guidelines that should govern the transition to an open-access-based publication model. The funding organisations, including the Swiss National Science Foundation, endorse both publications in open-access journals and second publications on document servers. However, they are explicitly against supporting so-called hybrid publication models.
"Open Access" has as its objective the free and unlimited availability of scientific materials and publications. Publication is primarily via the internet, thereby enabling the maximum dissemination.
The impetus for Open Access was, among other things, the question of affordability of academic publishing methods. With this concept the information supply for science is supposed to be improved in the middle and long-term.
The term Open Access was coined by the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), which originated within the framework of an event of the Open Society Institute (OSI). Worldwide, various initiatives have been attempting, since as long ago as the nineteen nineties, to develop strategies and incentives for implementing the Open Access vision.
In October 2003, in Berlin, a conference was held on the subject of Open Access. From this conference came the so-called Berlin Declaration. In this statement, the Internet is seen as an instrument for a global basis of knowledge and findings in the sciences and humanities. It also sets out measures intended to achieve Open Access. The Berlin Declaration was signed by internationally prominent research organisations and is considered to be an important milestone in the Open Access movement. Also the ETH Zurich is one of the 400 signatories.
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